Scalable Synthesis, In Vitro cccDNA Reduction, and In Vivo Antihepatitis B Virus Activity of a Phosphonomethoxydeoxythreosyl Adenine Prodrug
J Med Chem
论文题目：Scalable Synthesis, In Vitro cccDNA Reduction, and In Vivo Antihepatitis B Virus Activity of a Phosphonomethoxydeoxythreosyl Adenine Prodrug
作者：Min Luo, Shuo Wu, Raj Kalkeri, Roger G. Ptak, Tianlun Zhou, Lieve Van Mellaert, Chuanmin Wang, Shrinivas G. Dumbre, Timothy Block, Elisabetta Groaz, Steven De Jonghe, Yuhuan Li, and Piet Herdewijn*
期刊名称：J Med Chem
Standard literature procedures for the chemical synthesis of l-threose nucleosides generally employ l-ascorbic acid as starting material. Herein, we have explored two alternative routes that start from either l-arabitol or l-diethyl tartrate, both affording 2-O-methyl-l-threofuranose as a key building block for nucleobase incorporation. The access to multigram quantities of this glycosyl donor in a reproducible fashion allows for the preparation of 2'-deoxy-α-l-threofuranosyl phosphonate nucleosides on a large scale. This methodology was applied to the gram scale synthesis of an aryloxy amidate prodrug of phosphonomethoxydeoxythreosyl adenine. This prodrug exerted potent activity against an entecavir-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) strain, while leading to a significant reduction in the levels of HBV covalently closed circular DNA in a cellular assay. Furthermore, its remarkable anti-HBV efficacy was also confirmed in vivo using a hydrodynamic injection-based HBV mouse model, without relevant toxicity and systemic exposure occurring.